Analysis of Light Intensity and Charge Holding Time Dependence of Pinned Photodiode Full Well Capacity

2023 Oct.

Authors Ken Miyauchi*, Toshiyuki Isozaki, Rimon Ikeno, Junichi Nakamura
(*Tohoku University)


In this paper, the light intensity and charge holding time dependence of pinned photodiode (PD) full well capacity (FWC) are studied for our pixel structure with a buried overflow path under the transfer gate. The formulae for PDFWC derived from a simple analytical model show that the relation between light intensity and PDFWC is logarithmic because PDFWC is determined by the balance between the photo-generated current and overflow current under the bright condition. Furthermore, with using pulsed light before a charge holding operation in PD, the accumulated charges in PD decrease with the holding time due to the overflow current, and finally, it reaches equilibrium PDFWC. The analytical model has been successfully validated by the technology computer-aided design (TCAD) device simulation and actual device measurement.